International Yoga Day June 21
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"Yoga is an invaluable gift of ancient Indian tradition. It embodies the unity of mind and body; thought and action; restraint and fulfillment; harmony between man and nature and a holistic approach to health and well-being. Yoga is not about exercise but to discover the sense of oneness with ourselves, the world and Nature. By changing our lifestyle and creating consciousness, it can help us to deal with climate change. Let us work towards adopting an International Yoga Day."This statement was given by Prime Minister of India in UNO on 27th Sept 2014
The celebration was proposed on the 27th of September, 2014 by the current Indian Prime Minister, Mr. Narendra Modi while addressing the United Nations General Assembly. He implored the world community to adopt an international day for yoga stressing that it is more than an exercise but a holistic approach towards our wellbeing and health. 21st of June was declared as the International Yoga Day after the resolution was endorsed by 175 member states of the 193 member nations and was so popular that it did not have to go for a vote and was adopted by an acclamation. On the 21st of June, the international yoga’s day would be celebrated all over the world.
The word "Yoga" is derived from the Sanskrit root yuj meaning "to join", "to yoke" or "to unite".
Yoga is an ancient physical, mental and spiritual practice that originated in India. The word “Yoga” means unity. It symbolizes the unity of the body and mind. It is a safe and easy way to stay healthy and fit.
Yoga is essentially a spiritual discipline based on an extremely subtle
It is an art and science for the healthy living. The science which focuses on bringing harmony between mind and body.
"The word “yoga” literally means union. Yoga does not mean twisting of the body, tying limbs into knots, holding of breath or doing some other circus. The word “yoga” means, in one’s experience, everything has become one. It is a system of raising human ability to perceive, to enhance individual human beings to realize their ultimate nature. Yoga is the most profound exploration of the very mechanics of life."
Yoga leads to the union of individual consciousness with universal consciousness. One who experiences the oneness of existence is said to be "in Yoga" and is termed as a yogi who has attained a state of freedom, referred to as mukti, nirvāna,kaivalya or moksha.
The different philosophies, traditions of Yoga led to the emergence of different traditional schools of Yoga. These include Bhakti Yoga, Karma Yoga,Pātanjala Yoga,, Haṭha Yoga, Dhyāna Yoga,Mantra Yoga, Bouddha Yoga etc. Each school has its own approach and practices that lead to the ultimate aim and objectives of Yoga.
Out of these several types of yoga, we’ll be taking a look at three of the most popular types of yoga. These are Sivananda, Bikram and Iyengar Yoga.
Sivananda Yoga is a classical and holistic approach to Hatha Yoga that stretches and tones the whole body. This style of yoga has not been modified or watered down. The teachings have survived intact and are practiced as originally presented in India by Swami Sivananda in 1936. Sivananda Yoga is an international practice which follows the same format worldwide.
This is considered one of the traditional yoga forms. It is usually regarded as a mild practice and places emphasis more on the spiritual side of yoga. It was founded by Swami Sivananda and consists of breathing exercises, the twelve core yoga poses, and the Sun Salutation.
Iyengar Yoga, named after and developed by B. K. S.Iyengar, is a form of Hatha Yoga that has an emphasis on detail, precision and alignment in the performance of posture (asana) and breath control (pranayama)
This is a very popular yoga style practiced in the West. By paying close attention to anatomical details and the alignment of each posture, Iyengar Yoga is the practice of precision. Poses are held for long periods and often modified with props. This method is designed to systematically cultivate strength, flexibility, stability, and awareness, and can be therapeutic for specific conditions. B.K.S. Iyengar founded Iyengar Yoga.
Several props like straps, chairs, blocks, and sandbags are used to support the practitioner in the various poses.
Bikram Yoga is a hot yoga style, and is ideally practiced in a room heated to 35–42 °C (95–108 °F) with a humidity of 40%. All Bikram Yoga Beginning Series classes run for 90 minutes and consist of the same series of 26 postures, including two breathing exercises.
This is the most popular type of yoga in practice today. It was founded by Bikram Choudhury and consist of a series of 26 poses in 90 minute long classes. Practitioners start from Standing poses and progress to Backbends, Forward Bends, Twists and two breathing exercises.
1. Yogic practice requires the cleanliness of body and mind
2. Yogic practice should be performed with a relaxed body
3. Yogic practice should be done on an empty/light stomach
4. Bladder and bowels should be empty before starting Yoga
5. Yoga mattress should be used for the practice. ·
6. Light and comfortable cotton clothes are better
7. Yoga should not be performed in the state of illness/stress
8. Yoga experts should be consulted during pregnancy
9. Yogic practices shall be performed in a relaxed manner.
10. Breathing should be always through the nostrils
11. Perform the practices according to your own capacity
12. Bath may be taken only after 20-30 minutes of practice. ·
13. Food should be consumed only after 20-30 minutes of practice
Asana refers to the different yoga postures. There are several different asanas that offer exercises to the mind and the body. If you’re just starting out in yoga, you’ll be asked to start off with basic yoga asanas. This way, your body can get accustomed to Yoga practices.
Asanas help in rejuvenating the mind and body. It is simply one of the limbs of yoga practices. Through yoga asana, you can learn balance, tolerance, perseverance, and patience. Asana can be done in different positions and postures ranging from standing, turning, sitting, balancing, twisting and supine posture. A single posture can consist of nothing less than twenty asanas which can be further classified into three levels; beginner level, middle level, and complex level asanas.
Standing asanas help to strengthen the legs and lower muscles. Sitting asana focuses on making your hips and lower back stronger. Twisting and turning asanas help to increase your flexibility. Balance asanas are useful in improving your mental conditioning, and relaxation asanas bring peace of mind and tranquility which in turn completely rejuvenates your mind.
Some of the most popular asanas include: Shvasana,Utkatasana, Padmasana, Dhanurasana, Vajrasana and Navasana.TYPES OF ASANA
Yoga is essentially a path to liberation from all bondage. However, medical research in recent years has uncovered many physical and mental benefits that Yoga offers, corroborating the experiences of millions of practitioners. A small sampling of research shows that: ·
1. Yoga is beneficial for physical fitness and cardiovascular health.
2. It is beneficial in the management of diabetes, respiratory disorders, hypertension, hypotension and many lifestyle-related disorders. ·
3. Yoga helps to reduce depression, fatigue, anxiety disorders and stress.
4. Yoga regulates menopausal symptoms. ·
In essence, Yoga is a process of creating a body and mind that are stepping-stones, not hurdles, to an exuberant and fulfilling life.HOW YOGA CAN HELP