Anorexia,Bulimia and Orthorexia are Eating Disorders
As per American Psychiatric Association
“Eating disorders are illnesses in which the people experience severe disturbances in their eating behaviors and related thoughts and emotions. People with eating disorders typically become pre-occupied with food and their body weight.”
Eating disorders are serious, potentially life-threatening conditions that affect a person’s emotional and physical health. Eating disorders can affect every organ system in the body, Extreme obsession with food, body weight, and shape are also signal of the eating disorder.
Three type of Eating Disorders are-
1.Anorexia Nervosa–People may see themselves as overweight, even when they are dangerously underweight
2.Bulimia Nervosa—People have recurrent and frequent episodes of eating unusually large amounts of food and feeling a lack of control over these episodes.
3.Binge-eating disorder— People lose control over their eating.
The term “orthorexia Nervosa“’ was coined in 1998 and means an obsession with proper or ‘healthful’ eating. To be aware of and concerned about the nutritional quality of the food is not a problem, people with orthorexia become so fixated on so-called ‘healthy eating’ that they actually damage their own well-being.
Orthorexia is a medical disease that can result in irreversible health complications, including death.it’s difficult to get an estimate on precisely how many people have orthorexia as it is not formally recognized in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual. There has only been limited research on orthorexia, and it is not known precisely what its characteristics are.The data”s are not available,for how many are affected,number of male/female and age group?
Tim Walsh, M.D., an expert in eating disorders,conclude,”we do not know how many people are affected, whether those affected are mostly men or women, at what age it begins, the likely complications or other information that would help this term be a useful diagnosis for treatment.”
Let us understand difference between “Anorexia” and “Orthorexia” for better understanding.
Anorexia means ‘without eating’ as people see them overweight. They eat in small portions, eat only specific food.
Orthorexia means ‘correct eating’ as people are extremely obsessed with healthful eating rather not eating. Healthy choices become an unhealthy obsession, These eating disorders occur together with other psychiatric disorders like anxiety, panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder and alcohol and drug abuse problems.Such person becomes so restrictive that mental health, physical health, relationships, and even work begin to suffer.it is possible that individuals with low self-esteem or identity issues may be the most susceptible to orthorexia and compulsions to control food intake as a means to develop a greater sense of self.
Compulsive checking of ingredient lists and nutritional labels of food for self-consumption
Spending an exorbitant amount of time thinking about and planning healthy food options
Cutting out an increasing number of food groups (all sugar, all carbs, all dairy, all meat, all animal products)
Exercising extreme guilt or anxiety after eating unhealthy foods. Showing high levels of distress when ‘safe’ or ‘healthy’ foods aren’t available
An inability to eat anything but a narrow group of foods that are deemed ‘healthy’ or ‘pure’. That is Creating new food rules that drastically reduce one’s food intake.
Unusual interest in the health of what others are eating.Un-necessarily judgmental of anyone who eats unhealthy foods.
To avoid foods which have never caused you physical harm?
Body image concerns may or may not be present. Restricting foods to the point that it makes you physically ill.
The people who appear to be struggling with these distressing and life-threatening issues of Eating Disorders (ED) can adopt Yoga for treatment.
A study conducted by International Journal of Yoga Published on 19-Apr-2018,with the subject matter-Effect of Yoga in the Treatment of Eating Disorders: A Single-blinded Randomized Controlled Trial with 6-Months Follow-up, says “The results indicate that yoga could be effective in the treatment of ED”.The aim of this study was to examine the effect of yoga treatment of eating disorders (EDs). No adverse events of the yoga were observed by the instructor or reported by the participants. One particular finding was that participants received yoga in groups. which helped good recovery as compared to other studies where participants were given Yoga treatment individually. The conclusion is Yoga may, therefore, be beneficial in ED treatment.
Yoga therapy for eating disorders explains “By learning how to breathe deeply, stay present, and open our minds to possibilities versus limitations, yoga can shine a bright light on our innate strengths and support us as we take baby steps to make new choices in our recovery. The results can be surprisingly empowering. I know because yoga has been the key to my recovery from anorexia. Based on my experiential knowledge and professional training as a yoga therapist, my goal is to teach you new tools that will help you get unstuck and moving forward.”This is good place for recovery from ED.
Eating Disorder Hope helps in recovery as they have said on their website”Eating Disorder Hope™ offers education, support, and inspiration to eating disorder sufferers, their loved ones, and eating disorders treatment providers. Eating Disorder Hope™ resources include articles on eating disorder treatment options, support groups, recovery tools and more. Whether individual struggles with bulimia, anorexia, body image distortion, or binge-eating disorders, Eating Disorder Hope™ can help.”
For Anxiety and Depression,Read Yoga,Anxiety,Depression